A number of hours later, an administration aide was instructed to print a listing of ballot questions for the governor to approve earlier than they went into the sphere the following day, in response to paperwork reviewed by The Washington Publish.
The survey would quiz New Yorkers on whether or not they supported sending emergency medical tools downstate, when faculties and companies ought to reopen and whether or not Cuomo had been “too cooperative, too hostile, or simply about proper” in coping with Trump on the pandemic, amongst different subjects, in response to a replica obtained by The Publish.
The ballot additionally sought to measure how voters assessed Cuomo’s dealing with of the coronavirus 4 weeks into the general public well being emergency in contrast with the dealing with by Trump, nationwide infectious-disease skilled Anthony S. Fauci, New York Mayor Invoice de Blasio (D), Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden and Sen. Charles E. Schumer (D-N.Y.), amongst others, the paperwork present.
The ballot was amongst numerous strikes Cuomo made to evaluate and bolster his political standing, whilst his state was engulfed within the first lethal wave of the pandemic, in response to paperwork and folks accustomed to the governor’s workplace, underscoring how consumed he was with burnishing his picture amid probably the most acute moments of the disaster.
Wealthy Azzopardi, a Cuomo spokesman, mentioned in a press release that understanding public opinion was “crucial in managing COVID as a result of success could be decided by the general public’s understanding of the severity of the disaster and their willingness to alter habits.”
The New York governor, a third-term Democrat, rose to stardom final spring along with his fierce denunciations of Trump, his no-nonsense strategy at his information briefings and his occasional criticisms of different politicians who weren’t following public well being steerage. He was embraced as a liberal hero and often railed in opposition to political interference by others within the response to the pandemic, holding New York as a beacon of medical gentle throughout a time of nationwide darkness.
Cuomo’s approval scores surged to 66 p.c by July, in response to the Marist School ballot in New York. “He had record-breaking numbers in New York as a result of he was filling a void that you simply had in Washington,” mentioned Lee Miringoff, the top of the ballot.
In latest weeks, that report has been shadowed by allegations that his administration withheld the variety of deaths in nursing houses linked to the coronavirus — a matter now beneath federal investigation — and revelations that Cuomo’s members of the family benefited from preferential coronavirus testing.
Cuomo’s ballot numbers have additionally dropped, although he stays round 50 p.c approval in New York amongst all voters, in response to a latest survey by Marist.
“You see a few of it eroding away,” Miringoff mentioned. “It’s actually a one-two punch.”
Azzopardi dismissed what he referred to as a “retrospective kerfuffle” concerning the administration’s coronavirus response.
“New York’s COVID efficiency is indeniable as we went from one of many highest an infection charges to one of many lowest, dealing with a a lot worse drawback than any state and efficiently managed it,” he mentioned. “There isn’t any query that the Governor’s every day briefings served New Yorkers and different People very properly throughout the pandemic and that has been acknowledged internationally.”
‘Overlook the Politics, Get Sensible!’
As Cuomo was touting the state’s response publicly, behind the scenes, the governor at occasions blurred political duties with state assets, as did some key staffers in his workplace, in response to paperwork reviewed by The Publish and folks with information of the state of affairs. They and others interviewed for this report spoke on the situation of anonymity to explain inside discussions.
The governor requested numerous advisers, together with high state officers, to spend scores of hours to assist write a ebook about his management throughout the pandemic because the coronavirus raged via the state, in response to 4 folks.
The New York Instances reported that Cuomo was supplied greater than $4 million for the ebook, titled “American Disaster: Management Classes from the COVID-19 Pandemic,” which was launched in October. An individual accustomed to the ebook proposal mentioned one supply exceeded that.
The governor’s workplace declined to touch upon how a lot he obtained for the ebook, including that he yearly releases a monetary disclosure type and tax returns.
A variety of his aides disagreed with the choice to put in writing a ebook throughout the pandemic, saying it could possibly be considered as inappropriately timed and political, two folks mentioned.
One one who was key to the mission was high Cuomo aide Melissa DeRosa, who often appeared at coronavirus briefings with the governor. She was most concerned in writing the ebook with him, whereas additionally working the governor’s workplace, folks accustomed to the matter mentioned.
Different aides who labored within the governor’s workplace had been requested to print drafts of the ebook on authorities computer systems, in response to the folks with information of the state of affairs.
Azzopardi mentioned Cuomo determined to put in writing the ebook as a result of “the governor believed it was necessary to chronicle the primary 111 days of the pandemic when the numbers had gone down however we had been dealing with a possible second wave to be able to replicate on previous challenges and enhance upon our response transferring ahead.”
He mentioned it was “not true” that aides mentioned on the time that the mission was not a good suggestion.
“To the extent that any state officers suggested the Governor on the ebook it was voluntary, in compliance with state ethics legal guidelines and finished on their private time,” Azzopardi mentioned, including: “Each effort was made to make sure that no state assets had been utilized in reference to this mission — to the extent an aide printed out a doc, it seems incidental.”
Cuomo sought to buttress his picture at key moments of the disaster with unorthodox concepts, resembling having a whimsical poster titled “NEW YORK TOUGH” launched final summer season that depicted the state’s response.
Azzopardi mentioned the governor’s marketing campaign paid for the poster, which featured drawings of Cuomo’s members of the family, medical charts, a big mountain and the command: “Overlook the Politics, Get Sensible!”
Stephanie Benton, director of the governor’s workplace, was concerned in serving to shepherd the mission, paperwork present.
Utilizing her Gmail account, Benton emailed herself a draft model of the poster final June, then requested one other individual to print it on a state laptop and ship it to the governor. She despatched the artist who drew the poster numerous requests from the governor, together with that it prominently function him, the paperwork present.
“He additionally desires so as to add himself in a dodge charger on proper facet,” the e-mail from Benton mentioned, including: “Thanks a lot! He’s pumped :).”
Azzopardi mentioned the poster was “designed by the governor, working with an artist” and was one other approach to talk the message concerning the pandemic.
Different paperwork that aides to the governor had been requested to print included detailed biographies on allies and donors — together with how a lot cash they’d given to the governor — and a spread of polls, in response to folks accustomed to the supplies. Cuomo commissioned polls often, gauging public opinion on subjects resembling whether or not New Yorkers consider the governor or mayor controls the area’s transportation system, whether or not marijuana must be legalized or whether or not Democrats would help major challengers for leftist candidates, paperwork present.
Azzopardi mentioned the governor’s workplace is permitted to “preserve an built-in schedule and briefing binder that has the governor’s official in addition to political occasions” and that Cuomo advantages from understanding public opinion.
State regulation typically bars public officers from utilizing their place to “safe unwarranted privileges” for themselves, together with the misappropriation to themselves of the “providers or different assets of the state for personal enterprise or different compensated nongovernmental functions.”
In a training document for state workers, the state’s Joint Fee on Public Ethics lists examples of prohibited habits, together with “utilizing the pc in your workplace after work to supply a brochure in help of a candidate’s marketing campaign.” One other instance: utilizing state Web connections to “ahead e-mail messages obtained from a partisan marketing campaign or somebody supporting a partisan candidate.”
“Generally, it could be improper for a public official to require a public worker on their very own time and utilizing public assets to assist a public official’s non-public enterprise,” mentioned Richard Briffault, a Columbia Legislation Faculty professor.
‘Making him look good’
Cuomo was decided that different New York politicians — notably his rival de Blasio, the New York mayor — not obtain optimistic headlines for the virus response, in response to 5 folks accustomed to the matter.
Throughout one level early within the pandemic, state staff had been advised to spend the weekend swiftly arranging an antibody testing program, as a result of the governor wanted to announce it on a Sunday.
The impetus, two of those folks mentioned, was that state officers had realized that New York Metropolis was going to announce a program of its personal.
Azzopardi mentioned the state was “standing up testing in each nook of the state.”
“What a locality was doing is irrelevant,” he added.
At one other level early within the pandemic, after de Blasio announced that the federal authorities had deployed ambulances to assist an overwhelmed New York Metropolis, Cuomo angrily advised federal officers to share assets with the state, not town, folks accustomed to the calls mentioned.
Azzopardi mentioned he was not conscious of the episode.
An early draft of Cuomo’s ebook included a jeremiad in opposition to the New York mayor. “He’s like Trump in lots of ways in which it’s politics on a regular basis, details be damned,” Cuomo wrote, in response to a replica obtained by The Publish. He was in the end dissuaded by aides from together with it within the last model, folks accustomed to the matter mentioned.
A number of Metropolis Corridor officers mentioned they stopped telling Cuomo’s workforce what they had been planning on doing upfront, as a result of he would typically attempt to preempt or squash the announcement.
“Andrew Cuomo’s obsession with optics has persistently gotten in the best way of the struggle in opposition to COVID,” Invoice Neidhardt, a de Blasio spokesman, mentioned in a press release. “It’s disturbing to consider all of the workers time and taxpayer cash wasted on a ebook of petty insults simply so he may declare victory halfway via the second quarter.”
Azzopardi mentioned the governor “went to nice lengths to work cooperatively with the mayor,” including: “As everybody is aware of, the connection has not been best.”
Present and former administration officers mentioned Cuomo was intensely centered on how a lot consideration his coronavirus briefings had been drawing, asking aides about when nationwide TV networks had been slicing away and discussing how he may maintain them tuned in longer and enhance his scores.
“Monitoring how the press is carrying a authorities official’s bulletins — notably throughout a pandemic when messaging was essential to the state’s response — is a key operate of any press workplace,” Azzopardi mentioned.
In the meantime, key well being division officers who complained they had been sidelined from choices joked grimly amongst themselves that they wanted to look at the every day information conferences to study what insurance policies they had been going to need to implement, former officers mentioned.
After the briefings, well being officers scrambled to draft steerage on points resembling reopening sure industries, highschool commencement protocols and mask-wearing to attempt to match what the governor had already introduced, in response to folks accustomed to the matter. Lots of the choices had been made with little public well being steerage, they mentioned.
“We might watch the press convention so we may see what we had been going to need to do subsequent,” an individual with direct information of the hassle mentioned. “We might see the metrics, Section 1, Section 2, Section 3, Section 4, this trade, that trade, and we’d haven’t any enter in it. Then we’d attempt to execute no matter it mentioned. We realized when the general public realized.”
A second individual with information of the operation mentioned: “We might pay attention to seek out out what the coverage was on faculties, on microclusters, mask-wearing, on every little thing, after which we’d retrofit any type of steerage that was wanted.”
Over the course of a yr, greater than a dozen senior well being officers, together with many who labored on key components of the pandemic, had stop moderately than proceed coping with Cuomo and his workers, 4 folks accustomed to the matter mentioned.
One former official mentioned the governor and his aides would often berate division staffers in the event that they pushed again in opposition to the route Cuomo wished to take: “It was all about making him look good.”
In a press release, Azzopardi mentioned “managing COVID was extremely anxious for all, time was of the essence, and many individuals in lots of well being departments throughout the nation both left or had been fired as a result of stress and calls for of the pandemic.”
“To the extent that DOH officers wanted to look at the presser to know coverage, that’s appropriate,” he added. “The well being commissioner was concerned in day-to-day coverage choices in a morning assembly that was publicly introduced later that morning. Coverage shifts did occur every day because the details on the bottom concerning the pandemic modified every day.”
One resolution the Cuomo administration made in early April 2020 — to relocate medical tools from upstate services to be used in New York Metropolis hospitals — drew backlash from some officers and hospitals upstate, who accused Cuomo of leaving residents “with out safety.” Inside days, the governor backed away from the thought, saying the necessity had diminished.
Within the aftermath, Cuomo’s political workforce sought to gauge public help for such a transfer via the ballot it commissioned from International Technique Group, a Democratic agency, paperwork present.
The draft survey obtained by The Publish requested whether or not New Yorkers would help “transferring medical tools, like ventilators, from upstate hospitals and well being care services to the epicenter of the pandemic downstate with the promise of returning them upstate if and when they’re wanted?”
The ballot additionally sought to measure public opinion on a spread of coverage positions, together with the place hospital reduction cash ought to go, whether or not social distancing was a very good idea, how financial help must be spent and what companies ought to open earlier than others.
And it included a number of questions aimed to evaluate Cuomo’s personal standing.
“In just a few phrases, what optimistic issues have you ever seen, learn or heard lately about Andrew Cuomo? In just a few phrases, what destructive issues have you ever seen, learn or heard lately about Andrew Cuomo?” one query learn.
The governor’s workplace and the polling agency declined to touch upon the findings.